As we’ve written and spoken so much about, the FDA has had to transform itself from a domestically-focused regulatory agency into a 21st century global health organization. This transformation has come in the face of economic and technological changes that have revolutionized how we carry out our mission. We live in a world where other countries increasingly produce—at least in part—the food and medical products our consumers and patients use in their daily lives.
Products the FDA regulates now come from more than 150 countries—many with much less sophisticated regulatory systems than our own. In this international marketplace, 40 percent of our finished drugs are imported, and approximately 80 percent of the manufacturers of active pharmaceutical ingredients used in the United States are located outside our borders.
Ensuring the quality of products in a global environment is a tall order. At every stage in the production of pharmaceutical products, and all along the global supply chain, things can go wrong. Products can be improperly formulated, manufactured, or packaged. They can be contaminated or counterfeited. And the challenges are multiplied when the supply chain stretches around the world.
FDA is on the ground, around the world, inspecting facilities, developing relationships and providing advice.
But securing the global supply chain requires more than that. It calls for a cooperative and worldwide endeavor. It means working with our regulatory counterparts abroad to build capacity. It means harmonizing our standards for the sake of safer products and greater efficiency. It means engaging with industry and with regional and international organizations.
The Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA), which Congress enacted in 2012, included some important provisions designed to improve the safety and integrity of imported drugs sold in the United States. Some of the provisions are focused on FDA’s inspectional activities overseas. For example, FDASIA increases FDA’s ability to partner with foreign regulatory authorities to leverage resources through increased information-sharing and recognition of foreign inspections.
We now have more than 60 agreements with foreign counterparts to share certain information in inspection reports and other non-public information that can help us make better decisions about the safety of foreign products.
This type of collaboration not only increases our ability to evaluate pharmaceutical facilities, but allows experts to learn from each other. The result: an outcome whose sum total exceeds its individual parts.
That is exactly why today we announced an initiative to expand on our existing work to ensure that the public has access to quality pharmaceuticals. Through this initiative, and in cooperation with the European Commission (EC) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA), FDA will aim to deepen our reliance on trusted regulators outside of the U.S. who provide equivalent public safety and quality protection.
This mutual reliance initiative builds on our existing relationships with the EC, the EMA, and member states of the European Union. Under this new initiative, the goal is to increase our exchange, with the EC and the EMA, of information that is critical to making decisions that protect the public health. And together we will be more efficient and effective in targeting our resources for inspecting pharmaceutical operations.
This is the latest step in our continuing efforts to improve the quality of pharmaceutical products – a step that will deploy a dedicated FDA team to work with our European counterparts on a host of issues. The team, which will focus full time on pharmaceutical quality, will include experts from our Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, our Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, and our Office of Global Regulatory Operations and Policy.
As a public health regulatory agency with a global presence, we look forward to strengthening our mutual reliance and capitalizing on our shared interests. The initiative we embraced today signals yet another important step forward for pharmaceutical quality here in the U.S.—and around the world.