The Meaning of Wearing Red

By: Margaret A. Hamburg, M.D.

Last night I had the pleasure of attending the annual Woman’s Day Red Dress awards ceremony in New York City. The event is one of the highlights of American Heart Month, and it was created by that magazine to educate Americans about, and help fight, heart disease, which has become the number one killer of women. Many are surprised to learn that while breast cancer is the cause of death of one in every 31 American women, one of every three women dies of heart disease. So I found it particularly meaningful, both as a doctor and a woman, to be honored for FDA’s work to improve women’s cardiovascular health.

Commissioner Hamburg at Event

FDA Commissioner Margaret A. Hamburg, M.D., at the Woman’s Day Red Dress awards ceremony in New York City

One of our efforts toward this end that was cited by the magazine was the proposal to update the Nutrition Facts Label. The proposed updates would more prominently highlight calorie and serving size information, inform consumers about “added sugars,” update the daily values for nutrients, and ensure that the serving size requirements reflect the amounts of food people actually consume. They would encourage consumers to use the label to take note of foods high in sodium, saturated fat, and trans fat, which can increase the risk of coronary heart disease.

We also published final rules on restaurant menu and vending machine labeling. Calorie information is the key component of these requirements, and obesity is associated with a range of heart disease related problems. The new rules also require that other nutrition information, such as sodium, is provided upon the consumer’s request. High sodium intake can increase blood pressure, a major risk factor for heart disease. As with the nutrition facts label, these menu labeling requirements will give consumers nutrition information they need to be able to make healthy food choices for themselves and their families.

Another part of FDA that matters for cardiovascular health is our Center for Tobacco Products. Though its work is designed to protect the health of all Americans, it has special significance for women who, sadly, are catching up to men in the prevalence of tobacco-related diseases.

In the last 50 years, a woman’s risk of dying from smoking has more than tripled, and is now equal to that for men – not what we desire when we talk about equality. The more than 20 million women in the U.S. who smoke cigarettes are at risk not just for heart attacks, lung cancer, and strokes, but also emphysema and other serious chronic illnesses such as diabetes.

Our actions on smoking and nutrition have been complemented by the work of the Office of Women’s Health. Its outreach initiatives have helped provide women with tips and resources they can use to make better heart health decisions for themselves and their families. This Office has also supported research on treatment of heart disease in women.

FDA’s responsibilities also include reviewing, approving, and helping advance new and innovative medical products to diagnose, treat and prevent heart disease, including life-saving medical devices such as artificial hearts, stents, and heart valves, essential tests like echocardiograms, and important drugs for hypertension, lowering cholesterol and treating other aspects of cardiovascular disease.

Over the years, FDA’s support of women’s health has grown thanks to scientific advances, changes in society, and improvements in the agency itself. We will continue to promote these goals, not just in the area of cardiovascular health, but in women’s health more generally.

Of course, we can’t do it alone. And that’s why I sincerely welcome such events as the National Wear Red Day and Woman’s Day’s red dress awards. They help focus our nation’s attention and energy on the fight against women’s heart disease to which we, at FDA, are fully committed.

Margaret A. Hamburg, M.D., is the Commissioner of Food and Drugs

Celebrating American Heart Month—Making Heart Healthy Choices in 2013

By: Janelle Derbis, PharmD

Each year, nearly half of all Americans make New Year’s resolutions. They often include losing weight, starting an exercise program, quitting smoking, and making healthier food choices—all of which contribute to a heart-healthy lifestyle. February is American Heart Month, and the timing couldn’t be better to make these lifestyle changes, especially since heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S.

FDA joins in the commemoration of American Heart Month by highlighting agency initiatives to help Americans reduce their risk of heart disease.

Achieve a healthy weight. Obesity contributes to a number of health conditions, including high blood pressure and high cholesterol. To help obese and overweight Americans who have been unsuccessful in getting their weight under control with diet and exercise alone, FDA approved two long-term weight management medications in 2012—Belviq and Qsymia. These are the first medications the agency has approved for the treatment of chronic weight management in 13 years.

Quit smoking. Smoking and tobacco use contribute to many health hazards, including heart disease. Nearly half of adult Americans are at risk for heart disease and stroke, and over 20% are at risk due to cigarette smoking. To address the huge public health problem of tobacco use, FDA is building a national tobacco product regulation program to reduce the impact of tobacco use on the nation’s health. Using powerful new regulatory tools provided by the law, FDA’s work supports the objective of the Department of Health and Human Services to end the epidemic of tobacco-related death and disease in America. In November 2012, HHS announced the availability of a new comprehensive tobacco website, BeTobaccoFree.gov, a providing one-stop access to the best and most up-to-date tobacco-related information from across its agencies. This consolidated resource includes general information on tobacco, federal and state laws and policies, health statistics, and evidence-based methods on how to quit.

Eat right. Consumers can eat for a healthy heart and choose foods that are lower in salt, cholesterol, and trans-fat by reading the Nutrition Facts label on food and beverage packages.  In January 2013, the agency announced it is planning to update the Nutrition Facts label based on the latest science-based nutrition recommendations. The updates are still being formulated, and public input will be sought when they are proposed.

Lower cholesterol levels.  Making lifestyle modifications can help reduce cholesterol levels. However, hereditary issues can make some people more likely to have high cholesterol levels regardless of diet and exercise. The good news is there are treatment options for people who are unable to lower their cholesterol levels. There are several FDA-approved cholesterol lowering medications on the U.S. market.

In December 2012, FDA approved Juxtapid for a rare cholesterol disorder called homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH), an inherited condition that makes the body unable to remove the “bad” cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) from the blood, which  can lead to heart attacks and death before age 30. The approval of Juxtapid is an example of how FDA provides the scientific and regulatory advice needed to bring new treatment options to market.

Control high blood pressure.  Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help prevent high blood pressure. If lifestyle modifications are not enough to lower your blood pressure so that it is within the normal limit (less than 120 over 80), medications are often prescribed. There are many FDA-approved medications to treat high blood pressure so talk with your health care provider to determine which is best for you.

In April 2012, FDA approved the first generic versions of Avapro (Irbesartan) and Avalide (Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide) for the treatment of high blood pressure.  Generic drugs such as these provide safe and effective alternatives to brand-name drugs. 

Exercise. And lastly, physical activity is an essential component of a healthy lifestyle and when done in combination with healthy eating can help prevent heart disease. In 2013, make a commitment to exercising on a routine basis and keep your heart strong!

To receive up-to-date information on heart-related drug and device approvals, safety announcements, and notices of upcoming meetings, subscribe to FDA’s CardioBeat or visit FDA’s cardiovascular webpage.

Janelle Derbis, PharmD, co-manages the Cardiovascular and Endocrine Liaison Program (CELP), at FDA’s Office of Special Health Issues.